White-naped crane are large birds, reaching around 130cm tall. They make an incredible noise when excited, such as when being fed or calling their mate, and can be quite aggressive if they feel threatened. When they mate they gain what is called a pair bond, and to strengthen this they call and dance to each other.
Nests are formed of mounds of dried sedges and grasses in open wetlands which is their usual breeding habitat. Two eggs are laid and incubated by both parents for between 28 and 32 days. The father will defend the nest until the chicks take their first flight at around 70 days.
They like to eat insects, seeds, roots, plants and small animals. It is estimated that between 4,900 and 5,400 are left in the wild. Their name refers to the white streak down the back of their neck which is called the nape.